Alignment of text in LaTeX using left, right, and center positioning

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Question:

I possess an
LaTeX code
that is designed to position two images, one on the left and the other on the right side of the page.

begin{flushright} begin{figure}[H]
includegraphics[width=107px ,
height=134px]{t1.jpg} end{figure}
end{flushright}
begin{flushleft} begin{figure}[H]
includegraphics[width=113px ,
height=190px]{t2.jpg} end{figure}
end{flushleft}

However, the reason for the placement of the two images, one above the other, remains unclear.


Solution 1:

There are a number of issues:


figure

is an element that is not directly positioned, but rather stored and placed by LaTeX in the most suitable location. Its placement can be affected by factors such as
optional argument
and

[H]

, but the alignment environment that surrounds it does not have any impact on its positioning.

Both

flushleft

and

flushright

generate paragraphs, resulting in a line break. Consequently, the contents will always be arranged vertically and never horizontally adjacent.

Please be aware that you do not require an environment like

figure

to utilize

includegraphics


. The only time you may need an environment is if you desire a caption. Additionally, it is possible to have multiple images and captions within a single

figure

. To achieve the placement of two images side-by-side, positioned at the left and right corners, you can try the provided code.

begin{figure}[H]
includegraphics[width=107px,height=134px]{t1.jpg}%
hfill
includegraphics[width=113px,height=190px]{t2.jpg}%
end{figure}


Solution 2:


If you choose not to include a caption, there is no requirement for any specific

figure

environment. Simply write.

begin{center}
includegraphics[width=107px,height=134px]{t1.jpg}%
hfill
includegraphics[width=113px,height=190px]{t2.jpg}
end{center}

The bottom of the two images will be vertically aligned.


Solution 3:

Some more explanations:

To begin with, an environment referred to as

figure

is essentially a

box

that has a width of

columnwidth


(with various characteristics). It is not feasible to place two consecutive

figure

environments (whether floating or non-floating) next to each other.

In addition, it is not possible to utilize both the

flushleft

and

flushright

environments simultaneously for arranging content side by side. These two environments are created using the

trivlist

environment, and can only be arranged vertically unless they are enclosed within other containers.

Like Martin, it is recommended to combine the two images into a single environment using

figure

. Additionally, if you prefer distinct sub-captions, you can utilize either the

subcaption

or the

subfig

package.


Solution 4:

In the event that the figures are interconnected, it is possible to consolidate them into a single figure showcasing the
subfig
measurements.

To accomplish this, there is a package called subfig available.

For subfig,

usepackage{subfig}
begin{figure}
centering
subfloat{includegraphics[]}
subfloat{includegraphics[]}
...
end{figure}

Additional information regarding options can be found in their corresponding package descriptions, with the comment also referencing subcaption.

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