Comparing Spring Data JPA and Hibernate for enterprise-level projects

Spring Data JPA is a simplified version of JPA, bundled with more user-friendly functions, in addition to the ones already specified in the JPA specification. Conversely, Hibernate is an implementation of JPA or a JPA provider. Consequently, even though Spring Data JPA can work with any JPA provider, by default, it comes pre-configured with Hibernate.

Solution 1:


is equipped with additional features that aid in handling intricate queries. While it may appear unfamiliar initially and may even be overlooked in the documentation, it possesses significant potential and practicality.

The process includes developing a personalized `RepositoryImpl’ and `


‘ and then indicating their location to Spring. To illustrate, consider the following instance:

The class for configuration should indicate the required XML configuration and have an annotation that directs to the package of repositories. This annotation is capable of automatically identifying the necessary classes, marked as



@EnableJpaRepositories(basePackages = {"com.examples.repositories"})
public class MyConfiguration {

The file named jpa-repositories.xml instructs




to locate your repositories and search for custom ones with the file name



This repository interface allows you to include both annotated and unannotated query methods. It is worth noting that it extends the


repository interface.

public interface MyObjectRepository extends JpaRepository, MyObjectRepositoryCustom {
    List findByName(String name);
    @Query("select * from my_object where name = ?0 or middle_name = ?0")
    List findByFirstNameOrMiddleName(String name);


– repository methods that entail more intricacy and cannot be managed with a straightforward query or annotation:

public interface MyObjectRepositoryCustom {
    List findByNameWithWeirdOrdering(String name);



, the methods are implemented using autowired



public class MyObjectRepositoryCustomImpl implements MyObjectRepositoryCustom {
    private EntityManager entityManager;
    public final List findByNameWithWeirdOrdering(String name) {
        Query query = query(where("name").is(name));
        query.sort().on("whatever", Order.ASC);
        return entityManager.find(query, MyObject.class);

It is remarkable how all the techniques from the two interfaces, along with the CRUD interface that you implement, merge seamlessly and appear when executing the following command:


You will see:

The effectiveness of


is undeniable, and it provides a unified interface for all queries. It is fully equipped to handle large-scale applications, and by simplifying or focusing solely on annotations, you can optimize your query output.

The Spring Data Jpa site contains complete documentation on this topic.

Good luck.

Solution 2:

In both small and large projects with uncomplicated query needs, I have employed Spring Data JPA. The major benefit is that you do not necessarily have to use the


annotation. Spring Data does not have any limitations that restrict its usage in larger projects, and the latest support for


may prove to be useful. An instance of this is implementing QueryDSL to specifically target Hibernate.

If you anticipate intricate inquiries and are at ease working with Hibernate objects without JPA, an alternative approach could be to incorporate uncomplicated Spring Data


alongside complex Hibernate-based ones that include the specific methods required. This could be a less burdensome option compared to forcing a Hibernate implementation into the structure of Spring Data JPA.

Solution 3:

Utilizing Spring JPA can significantly reduce the need for writing SQL and HQL queries by offering various abstractions through its query method declaration. While Spring JPA is primarily based on Hibernate, it still allows for customization when a purely Hibernate solution is desired. For more information, refer to the documentation provided at

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